Explanatio: Rev. 17:6-8

“And I wondered with great wonder on seeing her. And the angel said to me, “At what do you wonder? I will tell you the mystery of the woman and the beast carrying her, having seven heads and ten horns. And the beast which you saw — it was and is not, and shall be going to ascend out of the abyss and go to perdition.”” (Rev. 17:6-8, VL) “The beast,” he said, “which you saw.”

By saying, “and… which you saw — it was and is not,” he shows there to be another which “was and is not” – that is, the “head as if slain” (Rev. 13:3) which simulates sanctity. “It was and is not” because sometimes the hypocrites and fakers have been with the first ‘evil people,’GryTyc which on the beast is the “head as if slain,” and they are dead; and right now they are imitating the evil ones because evil ones are born from evil. These are “the beast” which “was and is not” because they have been dead already and they are not; and “the beast which you saw” are those same ones who are evil right now. And these will die, and others shall come and shall rise again out of the abyss – that is, out of the hidden people – because such ones as there shall be, at this point are not seen. These are ‘the beast’ which ‘“was and is not and shall be.”Caes

He spoke about two beasts: the one with two horns which is the simulation of sanctity, which he calls the “head as if slain;” the other with seven heads, which is the people, all in all. Therefore, he speaks thus about that one: ‘“The beast was and is not and shall be going to ascend out of the abyss and’ go ‘to perdition”Caes – ‘that is,’ to be born and die ‘and be born’GryTyc ‘out of’Caes, GryTyc ‘the evil’GryTyc ‘people, so that it could be called, ‘beast out of beast.’Caes, GryTyc

We have already said above that saints are “born” out of saints, by imitating saints; and the wicked are born out of the wicked by imitating the wicked – not being born out of their flesh, but imitating them through their works. And when we see good children born physically [carnaliter] to the wicked, they are martyrs even now; and [when] we see evil children born from saints, they are ‘killers of the martyrs,’Aug even now.

Therefore, beast is “born” from beast, by imitating the beast; ‘or abyss out of abyss. He said that about the coming slaughter and’ GryTyc ‘ruin’Caes, GryTyc ‘of the beast being born from the beast, and going to perdition.’GryTyc And as its part from where it was born, which now is not, ‘so it is made and would not be,’GryTyc ‘and would ascend’Caes, GryTyc ‘from’GryTyc ‘the survivor’Caes ‘and goes to perdition,’Caes, GryTyc, Prim ‘like his fathers’ out of ‘whom he ascends, and now are not.’Caes, GryTyc

“And those who dwell on earth shall wonder – those whose name is not written in the Book of Life from the foundation of the world – on seeing the beast that was and is not and will be present.” “Those inhabiting earth,” he said, “shall wonder” – that is, the earthly ones. Therefore, they are not the heavenly ones dwelling in heaven – that is, in the Church. It is said to the just one, “You are heaven, and to heaven you will go.” It is indeed said to sinners, “You are earth, and to earth you will go.” (Gen. 3:19, VL) Concerning them, it is said, “Those inhabiting earth shall wonder” when the same beast ‘which was and is not and ascends from the abyss and goes to perdition;’Prim like the dwellers on the earth, ‘the same beast’ also ‘would wonder at the other beast which was and is not and is about to come. But’ the synonym divides ‘understanding.’GryTyc

For as we have said above: “the woman” is “upon the beast;” and here he says “the beast which you have seen — it “was and is not and is about to come.” This ‘synonym,’ as we have said, ‘confuses understanding.’GryTyc A ‘synonym is’ when ‘one thing’ is said ‘with’ dissimilar ‘words.’Isidore ‘For it is one: the beast upon which the woman sits, and the abyss, and the earth dwellers.’GryTyc And this beast which “was and is not and is about to come,” and is going to be born from the beast and is going to go to perdition, is the same. It is as if he would say openly, “Those who are evil now are dead, and are sent to Hell; and others are born from them who die and go to perdition” – that is, they are sent to Hell. For the perdition of souls is Hell.

And this beast shall wonder at seeing the other beast, “since it was and is not and is about to come.” What kind were these Christians who are dead? The same kind as those who will live are; for they have adored Christ with us under the name of Christianity and were not afraid to kill Christ in His members. When they name Christ, (cf. 2 Tim. 2:19) they reckon themselves to adore Christ, but at the word “Christ” they adore the beast – that is, their “fathers” whom they imitate in their acts. For as an example, they have the head on their body [ie, the devil] and those to whom they are conjoined. Therefore, the body wonders at the head. That is, the beast “which was and is not” and is born, wonders at seeing [the other beast], “since” [the other] beast “was and is not and is about to come.” (Rev. 17:8)

So in that working of irrational error which they do, they wonder along with us, with the ‘public voice,’Seneca at Our Lord Jesus Christ, since they are seeing He was and was killed “and is about to come.” But their spirits see the beast at the narration which resounds in their mouths, in a Catholic order, that “Christ,” “the mediator” (1 Tim. 2:5) is themselves. Indeed they know about the Lord having existed and been killed, and they hope for what is to come, and they glory in His Name, and they know about Christ doing “signs and wonders” (cf. Jn. 4:48) and “great miracles;” (Acts 8:13) but they do not know Christ nor does Christ know them; the same Lord having said to those alleging great “miracles in” His “Name,” “I never knew you… who work iniquity.” (Mt. 7:22-23) In which all the pseudo-sacerdotes and hypocrites were revealed [manifestum] not to see Christ but the beast, which finds that deception (cf. Mt. 24:24) by them as under the name ‘of charismatic gifts of Christ’Venantius – that is, of the order of sacerdotes; and of those seduced (cf. Mk. 13:22; Mt. 24:5; Mt. 24:11) by the hope of miracles, the reckless ones would “sin” (Sir. 19:4) and “neglect their duties;” (Sir. 19:6) those observing that such great miracles can in no way be done without the love of God, when they would say, “Who baptized so and so? Who consecrated such and such a virgin? Who sanctified such and such a temple? Who ordained such and such a sacerdote – if not us? Indeed, nobody would have been able to be holy, if not for having been sanctified by us.” And therefore, they assert by the “testimony” of miracles and “signs” (cf. Acts 14:3) to be Christ, (cf. Mt. 24:5) whatever they do among themselves “in the bedrooms.” (Lk. 12:3; Mt. 24:26, VL)

Therefore, there are two beasts about which he said, “It was and is not.” The abyss, which is the people or the earth dwellers, “wonders at seeing” “the beast, since it was and is not and will be about to come.” The one is born out of the abyss, the other is hoped to be born.

Aug St. Augustine of Hippo, Enarrationes in Psalmos, hom., 24. (Ps. 134:18) Also Bede, In Matthaei Evangelium Expositio, lib. 1, Mt. 2:18. (PL 92, 14, 54.)

Seneca C. Velleius Paterculus, Historiae Romanae, lib. 2, c. 66, 2. “abscisaque scelere Antonii vox publica est”. [By Antony’s crime [cutting off Cicero’s head], the public’s voice was cut off too.] Also Lucius Annaeus Seneca, “De Clementia”, lib. 2, 1. “O vocem publica”

Venantius Fortunatus, De vita Sancti Martini, lib. 4, line 416. (PL , 418, 7.) [Christi charismata]

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Explanatio: Rev. 17:3-6

“And I saw a woman sitting upon a beast.” (Rev. 17:3) Here the ‘beast’ is shown ‘to be’Caes the people. For [the angel] promises to show [John] the one “sitting upon many waters.” (Rev. 17:1) The beast and the waters are one — that is, [they are] the people. ‘He says corruption is to “sit upon” the peoples “in the wilderness.” The harlot, beast’Caes, GryTyc ‘and’Caes ‘wilderness are one.’ For ‘the beast,’Caes, GryTyc ‘as’Caes ‘it was said, is’Caes, GryTyc ‘a body, the adversary to the Lamb’ – that is, the devil’s body, which evil humans are. ‘Now the devil is in this’Caes, GryTyc, Prim ‘body,’Caes, GryTyc ‘now the “head as if slain” (Rev. 13:3)’ Caes, GryTyc, Prim — that is, evil sacerdotes in whom the devil “transfigures himself into an angel of light,” (2 Cor. 11:14) and the devil is called by another name; ‘now’GryTyc, Prim ‘it is to be taken as the people, which’ here ‘is all’ one city, ‘Babylon.’Caes, GryTyc, Prim

“And I saw a woman sitting upon a scarlet beast” (Rev. 17:3) – ‘that is,’Caes, GryTyc ‘the gore-covered’Caes, GryTyc, Prim ‘sinner-woman.’Caes, GryTyc

“Full of names of blasphemies.” (Rev. 17:3, VL) ‘He shows many “names” to be in the beast.’Caes, GryTyc

“Having seven heads and ten horns” (Rev. 17:3) – ‘that is,’Caes, GryTyc ‘having’GryTyc, Bede ‘the kings of the world and’Caes, GryTyc, Bede ‘their kingdom, with whom the devil is seen in heaven’Caes, GryTyc – that is, in the Church.

“And the woman was clothed round about with purple, and scarlet cloth, and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls” (Rev. 17:4, VL) – ‘that is,’ she is shown decorated ‘with all the enticements of imitation truth,’Caes, GryTyc, Prim, Bede because Christianity is seen on her outside.

‘So’Caes, GryTyc ‘in the end he explains what would be within the woman’s beauty,’Caes, GryTyc, Prim, Bede ‘saying,’GryTyc, Prim “And she held in her hand a gold chalice full of abomination, and of the uncleannesses of her fornication.” (Rev. 17:4, VL) The “‘gold…Caes, GryTyc, Primfull…GryTyc, Primof uncleannesses” is’Caes, GryTyc ‘hypocrisy’ – that is, the simulation of sanctity – because ‘ “outwardly indeed” (Mt. 23:28) “they appear” (Mt. 23:27) “just, but inwardly,” (Mt. 23:28)’Caes, GryTyc, Prim ‘they are’GryTyc, Prim“full of” (Mt. 23:25) “all” (Mt. 23:27) “uncleanness.” (Mt. 23:25)’Caes, GryTyc, Prim

“And on her forehead, a name was written: “Mystery. Babylon the Great Mother of the fornications and of the curses of the earth.” (Rev. 17:5, VL) ‘There is no’Caes, GryTyc ‘superstition’Caes – that is, a leftover religion of falseness – ‘which would give a seal on her forehead, except hypocrisy’Caes, GryTyc – that is, the simulation of sanctity. ‘For the Spirit has brought back what would be “written on the forehead”Caes, GryTyc ‘of the woman’GryTyc: “It had written,” he said, “Babylon the Great” – that is, the grand confusion. He said here, “Mystery” – that is, Sacrament – so that you may know openly that great evil is to be done in the Church. ‘For what kind of inscription would she put openly’ on her forehead? ‘For he said it to be “Mystery,” which was to be interpreted’Caes, GryTyc spiritually.

“And I saw the woman drunk with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus.” (Rev. 17:6) The “adversaries” (Lk. 13:17) of the Church who are seen to be members of the devil are two peoples. The one is the unfaithful outside the Church; the other is inside the Church, as if faithful. ‘For the adverse body is one, inside and outside; for though it would seem to be separated by place’ and way of life, ‘yet it labors in’ a common ‘spirit. For it is impossible’GryTyc that any other, except one who fakes himself being Christian, would kill a just person.

‘For it is impossible for “a prophet to perish” outside “Jerusalem,” killing “the prophets”Caes, GryTyc and stoning “those sent to her.” (cf. Lk. 13:33-34) Jerusalem was interpreted “vision of peace.”Jerome, Isidore Therefore Jerusalem is the “malign congregation” (cf. Ps. 21:17/Ps. 22:16, VL) which is false Christianity — which has peace here, because they do not hope for the future. She is the Jerusalem who kills the prophets — that is, the preachers who declare the future to them. ‘As the great-grandsons of the depraved ones, (cf. Mt. 23:31) they are accused, in a sense, of having stoned Zechariah, when they themselves did not do it. (cf. Mt. 23:35) But this stoning was told about, because now it is carried in the Church.

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Storia: Rev. 17:3-13

“And I saw a woman sitting upon a scarlet beast full of names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns. And the woman was clothed round about with purple, and with scarlet cloth, [cocco] and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls. And she held in her hand a gold winecup, full of abomination, and of the uncleannesses of her fornication. And on her forehead, a name was written: “Mystery. Babylon. The Great Mother of the fornications and of the curses of the earth.”

“And I saw the woman drunk with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus. And I wondered with great wonder on seeing her.

“And the angel said to me, “At what do you wonder? I will tell you the mystery [misterium] of the woman and the beast carrying her, having seven heads and ten horns.

“”And the beast which you saw — it was and is not, and it shall be going to ascend out of the abyss and go to perdition. And those who dwell on earth shall wonder – those whose name is not written in the Book of Life from the foundation of the world – seeing the beast that was and is not and will come.”

“”Here is the sense that holds wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, where the woman sits upon them; and they are seven kings. Five are fallen, one is, the other is not yet come. And when he is come, he must remain a small bit. And the beast which was, and is not – the same one is the eighth [head] also, and it is out of the seven; and it goes to perdition. And the ten horns which you saw are ten kings who have not yet received a kingdom; but they receive power as kings one hour after the beast. These have one meaning; and they give their strength and power to the beast.”” (Rev. 17:3-13, VL)

THE ACCOUNT ENDS

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Explanatio: Rev. 17:1-3

THE EXPLANATION OF THE ABOVE-WRITTEN ACCOUNT BEGINS

“And there came one out of the seven angels holding the basins, and he was speaking to me, saying, “Come, I will show you the condemnation of the great harlot sitting upon the many waters, with whom the kings of the earth have fornicated; and those who inhabit the earth have been made drunk on the wine of her fornication.” We have openly and fully explained what this woman would be, in the Prologue of the Churches above. This woman is the works of iniquity which will be exercised in the people which is called “the beast,” upon which she is known to sit, and with which she is believed to fornicate along with “the kings of the earth.” The “kings of the earth” are those who do not rule their bodies, but are delighted to move it to their pleasures.

And drawing in not only evil people but also the good, this woman drinks to their health [propinat] with the “gold winecup” which she holds “in her hand; “ (Rev. 17:4, VL) for she fakes holiness with falsehood. Her working is said to be “in her hand,” because sometimes “wisdom” is understood in [the symbol of] gold. She is said to sit ‘“upon many waters,”Prim because by her broadened works of iniquity she holds ‘the people’Caes throughout all the world. For ‘“many waters” are’Caes the ‘peoples;’Prim as it is written, “Many waters,” he said, “the many waters which you see, upon which that harlot sits, are the peoples and nations.” (Rev. 17:15)

“And he carried me off into the wilderness, in the spirit.” (Rev. 17:3) We say “wilderness” is a ‘desert place’Prim where no farmer works. ‘He says “the woman”‘ herself is to be seen ‘“in the wilderness,”‘ for that woman — that is, ‘corrupted’ and evil works – ‘would sit there, on’ a people ‘that is dead and deserted by God.’ For what ‘he says’Caes“He carried me off in the spirit” – that is ‘because’Caes, Prim one is drawn away by these works from ‘nothing but’Caes what is spiritual and what is catholic. For one holds back the carnal with spiritual things, so that one is not carnal with carnal things when the members also cannot be hostile to each other. But because this plague is spiritual, when he would say the woman is ‘adorned preciously’ – that is, her full inside uncleanness of iniquity covered up with a fake of Christianity – she is openly recognized by being held back by spiritual things, when he remembers being transported “in the spirit.”

IT ENDS

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Storia: Rev. 17:1-3

THE NINTH BOOK BEGINS, CONCERNING THE HARLOT WOMAN

“And there came one out of the seven angels holding the basins, and he was speaking to me, saying, “Come, I will show you the condemnation of the great harlot sitting upon many waters, with whom the kings of the earth have fornicated; and those who inhabit the earth have gotten drunk on the wine of her fornication.” And he carried me over to the wilderness, in the spirit.” (Rev. 17:1-3, VL)

THE ACCOUNT ENDS

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Explanatio: Rev. 16:17-21

“And the seventh angel poured out his basin into the air, and the great voice came out of the Temple and from the Throne, saying, “It is done.”” (Rev. 16:17, VL) We have already spoken above about the earth, the sea, the rivers and springs of waters, the Sun, the beast’s throne, the River Euphrates, and the air; here the seven are one. But what he said — ‘“the great voice’ came out ‘of the Temple from the Throne, saying, “It is done.””Prim — ‘that is,’ the voice came out ‘from the Church,’GryTyc which says, ‘“It is finished.”GryTyc, Prim Then ‘he repeats and’GryTyc ‘recapitulates’GryTyc, Prim, Bede ‘from’GryTyc, Bede, Caes ‘that same persecution.’GryTyc, Prim, Bede, Caes

“And there were lightnings and voices and thunders, and there was a great earthquake such as never had happened while humans had been upon the earth, such an earthquake and so great” (Rev. 16:18) — that is , the oppression at the time of Antichrist will be “such as never has been from the beginning of the world.” (Mt. 24:21)

“And that great city was made into three parts.” (Rev. 16:19)’Caes We frequently have said in this book, and we reiterate further, that the ‘“three parts”Caes are to be the people in this world; and two to be of the devil, and one of God. The first part is outside the Church — that is, ‘pagans [“Gentiles”]’Bede and the unfaithful. And the second part is inside the Church, the one which is the “statue of Antichrist.” And the ‘third’ one, which is the ‘Church.’Caes Therefore, ‘the “great city” is the people, all in all, whoever is under heaven, who’GryTyc, Caes ‘will be made into three parts’GryTyc, Caes, Prim when the Church will be separated away, such that Gentile-kind would be one part, and the “abomination of devastation” would be another, and the Church which “comes out of the midst of” him would be the third.

‘For he continues on, and shows they would be the three parts, saying, “And the cities of the nations fell. And that great Babylon came into the mind of God, to give her the winecup of the wine of His wrath. And every island fled, and the mountains were not found.”GryTyc“The cities of the nations”Caes ‘are the nations,’ which we have called “pagans” above. ‘“Babylon”‘ is ‘confusion,’ and it is the ‘“abomination of devastation”GryTyc, Caes which is within the Church, under the name of Christianity. But that he said, ‘“The cities of the nations fell”Prim — ‘he says’GryTyc ‘all’GryTyc, Prim, Bede the fortitude ‘and hope’GryTyc ‘of the nations’GryTyc, Prim, Bede which one may possess in this world are ‘to fall.’GryTyc ‘The Church,’GryTyc, Caes, Prim set up in this world and tormented, is the ‘“mountains”GryTyc, Caes, Prim ‘and’GryTyc, Caes the ‘islands.’GryTyc, Caes, Prim ‘For’GryTyc, Caes“the cities”GryTyc ‘have not been’ separated away ‘from Christians’GryTyc, Caes ‘so that they would fall individually, but’GryTyc ‘when the evil ones’Prim trample down the Church, then [the cities] are also said to “fall” and to lose their hope.

‘Or if it is supposed to be on the Day of Judgment, why is it that “Babylon came into the mind of God” after that?’ GryTyc

‘But David said about these cities, “There is no breach of wall or passage, nor clamor in their streets,” (Ps. 143:14/Ps. 144:14) when both the good and the evil may have the streets in common.’GryTyc Therefore, these are the three parts: Gentile-kind, and Babylon (out of which the people of God were ordered to come), and the islands and mountains which flee. She is the Church. She is said to flee and not to be found – that is, she is to be separated away from the evil ones. ‘For generally, Babylon is evil’GryTyc ‘against Jerusalem,’GryTyc, Caes, Bede ‘either in the nations or’GryTyc ‘in’GryTyc, Prim ‘false brothers;’GryTyc, Prim, Bede so it is to be received instead of the place, as we know the truth. ‘For’Prim ‘then, Babylon “falls”‘GryTyc, Caes, Prim, Bede ‘or drinks “the wrath of God,” when’GryTyc, Caes, Bede ‘she receives power’GryTyc, Caes, Prim, Bede so that ‘the Church’Caes ‘may be persecuted,’Prim ‘especially’GryTyc, Bede in Antichrist’s ‘last’GryTyc, Prim, Bede persecution. ‘On that account,’GryTyc, Prim, Bede ‘he says it is to fall by earthquake for what it does to the Church.’GryTyc, Bede ‘For he says the islands are the seven churches; as Isaiah says, “The water of the sea will be disturbed by the bright renown of the Lord. On that account, the bright renown of the Lord will be in the islands, and the Name of the Lord will be famed in the islands of the sea.” (Is. 24:14-15, VL, Septuagint) He says these islands are to flee and not be found – that is, they are not to be separated,’GryTyc because those who are in agreement with the evil ones are said to be “separated.”*

“And great hail like a talent [in size], which descends from heaven upon all.” (Rev. 16:21) This ‘hail’GryTyc, Caes, Bede “which ‘descends from heaven’Caes is ‘the wrath’GryTyc, Caes, Prim, Bede ‘of God’GryTyc, Caes, Bede which will descend upon sinners; as it is written,

“The wrath of the Lord descending like hail.”(Is. 28:2, Septuagint) By that,’GryTyc, Prim ‘hail,’GryTyc, Caes ‘the Lord promises guardianship to His Church,’GryTyc ‘saying,’GryTyc, Prim“But if the hail will descend, it will not come upon you.” (Is. 32:19, Septuagint) God threatens this hail in this earthquake to’ the same ‘people, saying, “When Gog will come to the land of Israel on that day, there will be an earthquake with hail in the land of Israel,” (Ezek. 38:18-19, Septuagint) and he adds, “I will judge him with death and blood and flooding rain and hailstones, and I will rain fire and sulfur upon him.” (Ezek. 38:22, Septuagint) This plague’GryTyc of hail and sulfur and fire – they are ‘spiritual’GryTyc, Caes plagues within the Church. As we read about the ten plagues in Egypt, by which you may recognize all the spiritual plagues in this book. ‘And’GryTyc ‘all the plagues’GryTyc, Caes, Bede ‘of Egypt were figures’GryTyc, Bede ‘of spiritual plagues.’GryTyc, Caes, Bede

“And humans blasphemed God from out of the plague of hail, for His plague was exceedingly great.” (Rev. 16:21) So that they do ‘not’ blaspheme against God ‘openly,’ but when they revel ‘in’ their ‘sins’Bede and call themselves children of God, they are spiritually devastated by the plague of hail – that is, by the wrath of God. When they trust themselves to live quietly in this world and for a long time, they are drawn slowly away by that light, and they ignore toward what penalty and punishment they are being led.

These are the seven basins – that is, the [seven] spiritual plagues – which are borne in this world, within the Church.

He makes an end here, and ‘recapitulates’GryTyc, Caes ‘from the origin’GryTyc — that is, from Christ’s Passion.

THE EIGHTH BOOK ENDS

* Gryson has “superatas,” survived.

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Storia: Rev. 16:17-21

THE SEVENTH ANGEL AND THE SEVENTH BASIN BEGINS

“And the seventh angel poured his basin into the air and the great voice came out of the Temple and from the Throne, saying, “It is done.” And there were lightnings and voices and thunders, and there was a great earthquake such as never had happened while humans had been upon the earth, such an earthquake and so great. And that great city was made into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. And that great Babylon came into the mind of God, to give her the winecup of the wine of His wrath. And every island fled, and the mountains were not found. And [there was] great hail like a talent which descended from heaven above all, and humans blasphemed against God out of the plague of hail, since His plague was exceedingly great.” (Rev. 16:17-21, VL)

THE ACCOUNT ENDS

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